While ejaculate volume lags significantly behind penis size in its importance to the average man’s self-confidence, men who produce too little semen would likely want to increase that load. And small amounts of semen can indicate fertility issues that could complicate any plans to have kids.1 Volume Pills, a nutritional supplement containing various botanical ingredients, claims it can increase semen output, enhance orgasms, and improve fertility. We’ll examine these claims to discover whether it’s worth your time.
Thanks to its botanical blend, Volume Pills can serve a very specific niche of men who want to avoid both prescription drugs and nutritional supplements containing too many lab-derived chemicals or hormones. If you fall into that specific niche, it might be worth trying, but it shouldn’t be the first option for most men. The specifics of Volume Pills’ blend hide behind a proprietary formula, making it extremely difficult to determine levels of safety or efficacy. And too many of those botanical ingredients lack rigorous scientific research to support the claims the company makes about their abilities. We believe there are better options — even one option that's offered by the same parent company. To learn about these, visit our guide to the best volume pills.
At Innerbody Research, our team members have spent thousands of hours researching men’s sexual health topics like erectile dysfunction, infertility, and testosterone. We’ve also scoured the landscape of prescription and non-prescription treatments and the companies offering them to you.
Our team has pored over more than 100 clinical studies related to semen health and fertility, as well as the supplemental ingredients that can help men in those areas. If anything, we had to dig a little deeper than usual because of the specific nature of the product’s ingredient profile, as it is composed of many botanicals associated with Eastern medicine. We’ve spoken to experts in the field and tested the customer experience with a variety of products including Volume Pills, comparing the pros and cons of customer service, shipping logistics, privacy, convenience, and more.
Additionally, like all health-related content on this website, this guide was thoroughly vetted by one or more members of our Medical Review Board for accuracy and will continue to be updated as our editorial team monitors the marketplace.
For the past two decades, Innerbody Research has helped tens of millions of readers find solutions in their pursuit of better health.
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We apply similar criteria across the majority of our men’s sexual health supplement research, and Volume Pills is no exception. The weight that each criterion contributes to our overall rating isn’t evenly balanced: we consider efficacy to be paramount, with safety as a close second. After all, if a product doesn’t work, then safety ceases to be a concern because you won’t be taking it.
Next, we consider its cost. Cost might carry more weight in other market categories, but most of Volume Pills’ competitors offer their comparable products at price points that are close enough to not seriously impact your decision-making. Finally, we look at privacy. Some companies offer a few more privacy perks than others, and while this isn’t necessarily make-or-break in most cases, it can become the determining factor when others are equal.
All considered, we found Volume Pills to be one of the lesser products in its class, made up of too few credible compounds to be something we could recommend. Let’s take a closer look at our evaluation criteria to get a better sense of why this is the case:
It isn’t enough to try a supplement ourselves or to rely on the experience of others in this case. Instead, we have to look deeply at the available research into its ingredients to understand what potential benefits the supplement might bring (or what risks it might pose). And unfortunately, it’s difficult to say what benefits Volume Pills could offer anyone without very specific nutritional deficiencies or those who have a positive reaction to one of its herbal ingredients.
When it comes to Volume Pills’ botanical ingredients, the root of this problem is research. There’s just too little of it to come to a conclusion one way or another about its efficacy. Anecdotal evidence — that it worked really well for some people but failed to work for others — isn’t a sufficient replacement for studies that involve numerous people in a careful design that controls for the placebo effect and accounts for potential underlying health conditions in its populations.
What research exists for these botanical ingredients is rarely performed in humans and often uses concentrated doses of a given ingredient that are significantly higher than the entire dose of Volume Pills’ proprietary blend.
That proprietary blend presents us with another challenge, making it difficult to ascertain efficacy given the fact that we don’t know how much of each ingredient is inside a pill. Volume Pills’ proprietary blend totaling 1,458mg could contain 1,445mg of the cheapest, least effective, and least researched ingredient on top of 1mg each of its other components. There’s just no way to know. And considering the fact that so many other supplements in competition with Volume Pills spell out the dosing for each ingredient, it’s hard to accept the lack of transparency.
So, why do we give Volume Pills a 4/10 instead of a higher score if we don’t know how it’s formulated? In a word, zinc. Zinc is Volume Pills’ saving grace, as it’s one ingredient for which we have plentiful evidence illustrating improved semen parameters and increased testosterone levels. And Volume Pills’ 24mg of zinc gluconate (the only ingredient dose not obscured by the company’s proprietary blend) is around the middle of the pack in terms of dosing for these kinds of supplements.
Should you just go out and get a zinc supplement instead? Maybe. But there is an argument to be made that the botanical blend in Volume Pills will add to the product’s efficacy without relying on too many lab-derived chemicals or hormones. It’ll take at least a few more years before we have the kind of research-based evidence to back that argument up, though. Until then, you’ll have to accept that your mileage may vary and rely on the money-back guarantee period if you discover Volume Pills didn’t work for you.
As is the case with Volume Pills’ efficacy, its safety profile is elusive thanks to the use of a proprietary blend. However, even if that blend consisted almost entirely of any one of its ingredients alongside paltry amounts of the rest, there is no clinical evidence that a roughly 1.5g dose of any included botanical is particularly dangerous. Of course, there’s also not much evidence that such a dose would be safe for everyone either (at least not in human studies).
For example, a meta-analysis of arjuna studies looking at cardiovascular health seems to illustrate that a 500mg dose is relatively safe and that a dose up to 2,000mg would be, in the least, not fatally toxic (though that’s a pretty low bar for safety). So, arjuna would have to account for more than one-third of Volume Pills’ blend for the ingredient to begin posing any real danger.13
As for the lone ingredient we can quantify, 24mg of zinc gluconate is a generous dose that doesn’t come close to anything dangerous. General guidelines for zinc consumption place the daily upper limit at 40mg. But that’s 40mg of elemental zinc, and zinc gluconate only contains about 28% elemental zinc. That makes the dose of elemental zinc in Volume Pills just under 7mg. That still leaves you plenty of room to get zinc through your diet without risking over-supplementation.
To be clear, there aren’t any supplements in competition with Volume Pills that offer pure elemental zinc. The form of zinc used in Volume Pills (zinc gluconate) is one of the most common and safest you’ll find.
When it comes to cost, we like to look at price alongside things like bulk purchase discounts, money-back guarantees, subscription savings, and shipping fees. Volume Pills has no subscription model, which is a knock against both cost and convenience, as you’ll have to remember to reorder whenever you’re running low, and there’s no way to save money if you can only afford one bottle at a time.
On the bright side, Volume Pills’ bulk savings are steep, with the company’s highest bulk level bringing the cost per month down from $60 to just over $33. In addition, Volume Pills has provided our readers with some promotional codes that can save you some additional money (follow the links in the chart).
Here’s what those bulk opportunities look like:
|Cost||Monthly cost||Monthly cost with Innerbody Promotion|
With or without the promotional codes, the savings become more dramatic the more you buy at once. This is great for anyone who knows the product works and has enough capital to invest, but for anyone living paycheck-to-paycheck or saving up for something important, it can be a lot to spend.
Since Volume Pills comes with a 67-day money-back guarantee, we recommend interested parties reach for the two-month supply. If you find that it works for you, you’ll have saved a little money. If you don’t feel any different after two months, you’ll still have a week to set up your refund.
You can get the same 67-day guarantee from any of Leading Edge Health’s other brands, like Semenax or VigRX Plus, but the nature of these supplements complicates the value of this guarantee a bit. We often see studies of these ingredients going on for 2-6 months, with 12 weeks being among the most common timetables. That means, if you’re in the minority for whom Volume Pills might work, there’s a chance that you wouldn’t see noticeable results until closer to the 90-day mark, in which case a 67-day guarantee wouldn’t be useful.
Other companies — like Performer 8 in the male enhancement space and TestoPrime, a testosterone booster — have lifetime guarantees that help ensure you can give their products a chance to work before returning them.
When it comes to a man’s sexual health, we believe privacy is extremely important, whether it’s ensuring that your package doesn’t broadcast to the neighborhood that you bought Volume Pills or just making sure your Internet browsing activity and purchasing information are secure. Volume Pills doesn’t offer anything particularly special compared to its competitors, but there are some specifics worth mentioning.
For starters, your package won’t arrive with any markings on the box or the label that could indicate its contents. That kind of discreet packaging is standard practice for these products, but it’s important to know nonetheless. Your credit card and shipping information is handled by a third-party processor, so Volume Pills never has access to it. The company’s cookie practices are relatively standard, and you can always clear these from your browser.
Volume Pills is the name of a dietary supplement geared towards sexual health and reproductive well-being. This creates a fair amount of confusion when you consider that Volume Pills (capitalized) belongs to a subcategory of supplements in the male enhancement space called volume pills (not capitalized). We’ll talk more about volume pills in a later section, but if you’re curious about the category as a whole, we have a comprehensive guide to walk you through it.
People use Volume Pills in the hopes of increasing the volume of ejaculate, making orgasms more powerful and stimulating, and boosting sex drive. Compared to other supplements claiming to do the same with a mix of botanicals, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, and even hormones, Volume Pills relies much more heavily on botanical ingredients typically associated with Eastern and Ayurvedic medicines.
This reliance on botanicals is understandably attractive to many customers who want to steer clear of ingredients that sound more artificial. But the flip side to that is a tremendous research deficit. Those botanicals may sound safer since they’re derived from plants, but we know less about their potential safety — and efficacy — than we do with more thoroughly researched materials found in other supplements.
Ultimately, this makes it hard to recommend Volume Pills to anyone but the small niche of men who want to avoid artificially produced ingredients at all costs.
Volume Pills is a subsidiary of Leading Edge Health, a company that produces several sexual wellness supplements and products for men and women. The size and success of Leading Edge Health lend Volume Pills some legitimacy as a company.
You can trust things like an honest approach to the company’s 67-day money-back guarantee (a guarantee Leading Edge Health places on all of its supplements). You can also rely on the company to ship quickly and discreetly and to respond to email queries in a reasonable amount of time.
However, that legitimacy doesn't necessarily extend to the product itself. Whether or not Volume Pills legitimately works is a separate question altogether.
Based on our research, interviews with customers, and analysis of clinical studies, we conclude that Volume Pills may work for some men but likely won’t work for many — if not most — others. The most reliable ingredient in Volume Pills is zinc, with a 24mg dose. Zinc deficiency affects up to 17% of the global population — or roughly one in every six people — and up to 12% in the U.S. (roughly one in every eight people).2 That means that if you take eight men with hypogonadism and give them all a zinc supplement, at least one of them should see some benefit.
Zinc deficiency can lead to low testosterone levels, among other unpleasant symptoms, including:3
If you eat a relatively healthy diet and have no underlying conditions that would contribute to a zinc deficiency, there’s a good chance you don’t have one. But since supplementation can increase testosterone levels at rates well above 17% in studies, it's possible that Volume Pills could give you enough of a boost to see improvements in your ejaculate.
Let’s take a closer look at what’s in Volume Pills to better understand the product’s potential.
Volume Pills relies on a combination of botanical ingredients sourced from Europe, China, and South America. Most of these ingredients have been used for centuries for all kinds of ailments, but that anecdotal evidence is only rarely supported by clinical research.
Some ingredients may be beneficial in this supplement by aiding in underlying conditions (such as problematic insulin resistance or a zinc deficiency) that might be causing male sexual performance problems. Other ingredients are poorly researched, however, and we believe more study is needed in order to establish their efficacy and to better understand under what circumstances they work well.
Zinc is a trace mineral element in the body that studies conclude is essential for the optimal functioning of the male reproductive system.4 As part of the zinc gluconate compound, zinc improves sperm production, motility, and function. Zinc gluconate is around the middle of the road when it comes to forms of zinc and their elemental zinc concentrations. It boasts around 28% compared to 31% from zinc citrate or 15% from zinc ascorbate.
4, 5, 7 TrihydroxyFlavone, or Apigenin, is a flavonoid that may promote improvements in a wide array of systems in our body, from circulation to cognition. Studies suggest that it has antioxidant properties, protects cardiovascular health, and may help fend off diabetes and arthritis.5 However, a lot of this research is related to flavonoids in general, and less of it looks at Apigenin specifically.
Xian Mao (or curculigo orchioides) is an ancient rhizome that has been used to improve sexual well-being in historical, anecdotal reports. Animal studies showed increased sex drive and erection strength at a dose of 100mg/kg, or the equivalent of 9g in a 200lb male.6 That’s a lot more than what could be in Volume Pills’ proprietary blend.
Dong Chong Xia Cao (Cordyceps militaris) is a fungal ingredient not unlike a mushroom that has been used in Chinese medicine for thousands of years. Lab studies in rats saw sperm quality and quantity significantly improved after several weeks of use, and serum testosterone levels increased.7 This is hopeful, but 90 rats is well short of clinical significance.
The typical line about solidilin is that it contains L-dopa, a precursor that stimulates dopamine production in the body, and that increase in dopamine leads to improvements in sex drive and post-coital satisfaction. But studies — and even basic, reliable information — about solidilin are extremely hard to come by, leading us to doubt its potential.
Drilizen, like Solidilin, can be found in several men’s sexual health supplements, but often in products we wouldn’t even review, let alone recommend. There’s next to no credible information out there regarding the component’s chemical makeup, purported mechanism of action, or efficacy.
Emblica officinalis, commonly known as Indian gooseberry or Amla fruit, has been used in Ayurvedic medicine to improve cardiac, neural, and sexual health. One small-scale study seems to support potential improvements in cardiovascular health,8 and another specifically saw benefits for patients with uncontrolled hypertension.9
Considering the role blood flow plays in erectile performance, this ingredient could be impactful. But we don’t know how much of it is present in Volume Pills, and typical dosing in studies is between 500mg and 1,500mg. Remember that the entire botanical blend in Volume Pills is just over 1,400mg.
Also known as sea oak, this ingredient managed to control insulin levels in one small-scale study.10 That’s potentially beneficial for men with insulin-related or diabetic sexual dysfunction, but the dose involved was relatively high at 500mg/day.
Tian Men Dong is an ingredient derived from asparagus root. Laboratory studies on animals suggest that it helps stimulate sexual desire and improve erections and sexual function overall, particularly when diabetes is an underlying factor.11 Human trials would be needed for more information.
Reishi mushroom, also known as Lingzhi, performs relatively well in animal studies looking at semen parameters.12 There are only a few such studies to speak of, necessitating further animal studies and human studies to verify any claims.
The bark of Terminalia arjuna contains a handful of useful phytoconstituents, including triterpenoids, β-sitosterol, flavonoids, and glycosides. A meta-analysis of its use for cardiovascular issues shows some promise,13 particularly for heart-disease-related erectile struggles, but the only other connection we could find to sexual health came from its influence on hormonal balance in albino rats.14
Rou Gui is a kind of cinnamon, which studies show operates as a potent antioxidant.15 Given the vulnerability of sperm to oxidative stress, this ingredient could help mitigate the influence of free radicals. But you won’t get much more in Volume Pills than you could sprinkle on your oatmeal in the morning.
Also known as tongkat ali, this ingredient has performed moderately well in small studies looking at erectile performance16 and testosterone levels.17 But with doses ranging up to 600mg/day in successful studies, it’s unlikely that its presence in Volume Pills’ mild botanical blend would have an impact.
There is some evidence that this ingredient, which is essentially safflower extract, has cardiovascular benefits.18 But research into its potential for sexual health is conflicting. We’re unimpressed with the quality and variety of the available research into its effects at this time.
If we were to take just the ingredients with at least a little clinical support and combine the smallest doses shown to be effective, we’d have a blend weighing in a little over 10g — that’s 10,000mg compared to the 1,458mg blend in Volume Pills.
With Volume Pills, you’ll see discounts if you order larger quantities of the supplement. You can save additional money by utilizing the discount code Volume Pills has provided for Innerbody readers. The percentages saved below are based on the typical retail prices for Volume Pills. The company often runs proportional prices, reflected in the chart in our evaluation criteria above, but the coupon savings routinely best those sales.
These discounts work when you buy directly from the Volume Pills website and only if you click through the links provided. We’ve found that simply typing in the coupon codes at checkout doesn’t work.
We have similar codes for all of Leading Edge Health’s men’s sexual health products, meaning you can save similar amounts on products like Semenax or VigRx Plus. In fact, both of those products utilize more than just botanical ingredients, and each lists the specific dose of each component. They might be a better place to start if you’re concerned about knowing exactly what’s in your supplement.
Shipping from Volume Pills is free on all orders.
Like most products sold by Leading Edge Health, Volume Pills comes with a 67-day money-back guarantee. That guarantee is generous enough for the product category — some products offer 30 days, others no guarantee at all, and still others lifetime promises of efficacy. However, many ingredients common to these types of supplements can take 8-12 weeks to start displaying efficacy. That means some men will feel compelled for financial reasons to return Volume Pills for a refund, even though the product may have started working for them if they’d stuck with it. That’s why we undoubtedly prefer when companies in this space offer longer guarantees.
According to the Volume Pills website, their target demographics are any men who suffer from the following:
In our opinion, whether you’re concerned with the effectiveness, cost, or safety of your supplement, there are superior options to Volume Pills. A few of the ingredients employed in its botanical blend have published studies behind them, but those studies aren’t enough to verify claims that Volume Pills could help with all of the issues listed above. That’s because the studies in question — including those linked to on the Volume Pills web page — are either too small, haven’t been repeated successfully, haven’t been performed on humans, or utilize doses too large to possibly fit into the small blend Volume Pills employs.
Some men who are struggling with infertility or low testosterone may benefit from the use of Volume Pills, mostly thanks to the presence of zinc. But Volume Pills is a lot pricer than a zinc supplement or a multivitamin. And other similarly priced options like Semenax or Performer 8 at least do you the courtesy of listing the doses of each and every ingredient.
Of course, men with low testosterone could see a bigger improvement than those with normal testosterone levels. If you think you may have low testosterone, you should take a blood test. Fortunately, you don't need to go to the doctor for this any longer, as there are reliable and accurate at-home tests available.
To learn more about at-home testosterone testing, you can read our comprehensive guide, where you can also find discount codes for our favorite providers.
It’s nearly impossible to evaluate the safety of Volume Pills adequately. If you had the kind of testing facilities that could reverse engineer one of its tablets to determine the exact amounts of each ingredient, you could begin to understand its safety profile. But even then, you’d struggle to find thorough research into potential adverse effects.
All that said, the size of the proprietary blend is small enough that there likely isn’t enough of any one of its ingredients to pose any serious harm. The major dangers that arise would come from specific allergies to certain ingredients or to potential contraindications with medicines you’re already taking. But without research, it’s hard to say what those contraindications might be.
We can say that the 24mg dose of zinc gluconate should be safe for most men, with a few side effects possible, including:
These effects are often mild, and many resolve as your body adapts to supplementation. However, we’d warn against combining Volume Pills or any supplement with a moderate-to-high dose of zinc with other multivitamins or male enhancement products, as over-supplementation of zinc isn’t difficult to achieve.
Ultimately, the nature of this proprietary blend causes such a headache (perhaps literally) in both safety and efficacy questions that it leads us to point you elsewhere unless you’re one of the few men who’s determined to stick with a botanical treatment approach. If that describes you, we urge you to speak with your doctor before adding Volume Pills to your regimen.
Volume Pills is far from your only option if you’re looking for a way to increase your ejaculate volume or bolster your fertility. There are companies in direct competition with Volume Pills — some owned by the same parent company — that could be better choices. There are also different categories of supplements in the men’s health sphere that might give you more comprehensive results for less money.
When we look closely at how Volume Pills compares to these alternatives, it becomes clear that most men would do well to look elsewhere for their first foray into treatments. Where exactly you start will depend a bit on your finances and insurance status, but known underlying conditions like certain deficiencies or hormonal imbalances may play a part as well.
We mentioned this earlier, but it bears repeating: Volume Pills (the branded supplement) is a type of volume pill, which is a subcategory of male enhancement supplements geared towards improving semen parameters like ejaculate volume. We have a guide to the best volume pills on the market, but here’s a quick look at two of our preferred companies.
Semenax is another product under the Leading Edge Health banner. It uses a very different formula than Volume Pills, combining vitamins and minerals with botanical ingredients and amino acids. The presence of L-arginine may improve erectile performance, but most of its ingredients are tuned toward healthy sperm.19 Like Volume Pills, too many of these ingredients appear in subclinical doses, but all of their amounts are listed and not obscured by a proprietary blend.
Unlike Semenax and Volume Pills, Ultraload keeps its ingredient list relatively small. Despite the size of the list, Ultraload employs ingredients with more research backing than either of those companies, and they do so at doses that approach clinical significance. Those include a 500mg dose of L-citrulline and an impressive 240mcg dose of vitamin B12. That B12 on its own could potentially improve semen quality, according to research.20
Ultraload also isn’t manufactured by Leading Edge Health, so instead of a 67-day money-back guarantee, you get a 100-day promise. That will be enough time for more men to tell whether the supplement is making any difference in their lives, and we appreciate that degree of customer service and consideration.
If you take our preferred male fertility supplements and put them side-by-side with the best volume pills on the market, you’ll see a resemblance between ingredient lists. Both often employ a handful of vitamins and minerals along with botanicals and amino acids that have a fair amount of clinical research behind them. But the best fertility treatments take it a step further. You’ll find several ingredients in them you don’t see in Volume Pills that reliably improve semen parameters and testosterone levels in clinical trials. And the ingredients they share with Volume Pills typically appear at higher doses.
Take a quick look at how two volume pills compare to Bird & Be’s Power Prenatal for Men. Note the difference in zinc forms, with Volume Pills’ zing gluconate (28% elemental zinc) and its competitors’ zinc citrate (31% elemental zinc):
|Volume Pills||Ultraload||Bird & Be|
|Zinc||24mg (zinc gluconate)||30mg (zinc citrate)||50mg (zinc citrate)|
|CoQ10||N/A||N/A||200mg (600mg with optional boost)|
|Tongkat ali||Unknown amount||N/A||N/A|
|Emblica officinalis||Unknown amount||N/A||N/A|
When you investigate the differences among these ingredient lists, you’ll find plentiful research behind things like CoQ10 and omega-3s when it comes to semen health.21 22 And vitamin D’s relationship to healthy testosterone levels is well-established.23 That’s why we’ll typically direct men interested in bolstering fertility to dedicated fertility supplements like Bird & Be’s Power Prenatal for Males or Beli Vitality for Men.
Healthy testes make healthy sperm, and balanced hormones (including proper testosterone levels) contribute to normal testicular function. That’s why many men concerned with the quality and quantity of their ejaculate will turn to testosterone boosters instead of volume pills. Low testosterone can affect more than just your fertility, with common symptoms including:
The best testosterone boosters offer ingredients like vitamin D, zinc, and ashwagandha, the last of which you don’t often see in volume pills. Ashwagandha is one of our favorite ingredients for boosting testosterone. That is because not only does it boast a fair amount of clinical evidence supporting its testosterone-boosting potential,24 but it also appears to have adaptogenic and anxiolytic effects that can improve cognition and help manage your mood.25
Testo Prime and Testogen are among our favorite testosterone boosters. They have slightly different ingredient profiles, but both offer formulas with at least one well-researched ingredient available in a high enough dose to be effective.
Of course, these products certainly work better for men with low testosterone than those with normal T levels. Getting your testosterone levels tested is vital if you suspect you have low T. That’s where a company like Roman can help. Roman is consistently our best budget pick for testosterone boosting, and they employ a very nice streamlined set of ingredients in their supplement. But Roman also offers a testosterone testing and recovery program that includes regular testing and access to prescription clomiphene.
Clomiphene is a non-hormonal treatment for low T with a much better side effect profile than testosterone replacement. If a test reveals you have low T, and you aren’t averse to adding a prescription drug to your regimen, you’ll almost certainly see results more readily and more profoundly than you would with testosterone boosters of volume pills.26
Innerbody uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Roberts, M., & Jarvi, K. (2009). Steps in the investigation and management of low semen volume in the infertile man. Canadian Urological Association Journal, 3(6), 479-485. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2792416/
Maxfield L., Shukla S., Crane J.S. (2022, Nov 21). Zinc Deficiency. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493231/
Abbasi, A. A., Prasad, A. S., Rabbani, P., & DuMouchelle, E. (1980). Experimental zinc deficiency in man. Effect on testicular function. The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 96(3), 544–550. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6772723/
Fallah, A., Mohammad-Hasani, A., & Colagar, A. H. (2018). Zinc is an essential element for male fertility: A review of zn roles in men’s health, germination, sperm quality, and fertilization. Journal of Reproduction & Infertility, 19(2), 69-81. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6010824/
Ali, F., Rahul, Naz, F., Jyoti, S., & Siddique, Y.H. (2017). Health functionality of apigenin: A review, International Journal of Food Properties, 20:6, 1197-1238. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10942912.2016.1207188
Chauhan, N. S., Rao, C.hV., & Dixit, V. K. (2007). Effect of Curculigo orchioides rhizomes on sexual behaviour of male rats. Fitoterapia, 78(7-8), 530–534. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17643866/
Chang, Y., Jeng, K. C., Huang, K. F., Lee, Y. C., Hou, C. W., Chen, K. H., Cheng, F. Y., Liao, J. W., & Chen, Y. S. (2008). Effect of Cordyceps militaris supplementation on sperm production, sperm motility and hormones in Sprague-Dawley rats. The American journal of Chinese medicine, 36(5), 849–859. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19051352/
Kapoor, M. P., Suzuki, K., Derek, T., Ozeki, M., & Okubo, T. (2020). Clinical evaluation of Emblica Officinalis Gatertn (Amla) in healthy human subjects: Health benefits and safety results from a randomized, double-blind, crossover placebo-controlled study. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 17. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6926135/
Ghaffari, S., Navabzadeh, M., Ziaee, M., Ghobadi, A., Ghods, R., Fataneh, H-D. (2020, October 7). A Randomized, Triple-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Add-On Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Emblica officinalis in Uncontrolled Hypertension. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2020/8592869/
Paradis, M. E., Couture, P., & Lamarche, B. (2011). A randomised crossover placebo-controlled trial investigating the effect of brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus) on postchallenge plasma glucose and insulin levels in men and women. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme, 36(6), 913–919. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22087795/
Thakur, M., Bhargava, S., & Dixit, V.K. (2009) Effect of Asparagus racemosus on sexual dysfunction in hyperglycemic male rats, Pharmaceutical Biology, 47:5, 390-395. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13880200902755234
Doğan, G., & İpek, H. (2019). The protective effect of Ganoderma lucidum on testicular torsion/detorsion-induced ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira, 35(1). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092665/
Dwivedi, S., & Chopra, D. (2014). Revisiting Terminalia arjuna – An Ancient Cardiovascular Drug. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 4(4), 224-231. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4220499/
Parmar, H. S., Panda, S., Jatwa, R., & Kar, A. (2006). Cardio-protective role of Terminalia arjuna bark extract is possibly mediated through alterations in thyroid hormones. Die Pharmazie, 61(9), 793–795. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17020158/
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