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Popliteal Artery

Medically reviewed by: Stephanie Curreli, MD, PhD
Last Updated: Jun 25, 2015

The popliteal artery is formed from the femoral artery as it reaches the space behind the knee (known as the popliteal fossa). Branches of this artery supply blood to the knee joint and to muscles in the thigh and calf. Many of its branches also join the connecting nerve network of the knee to help provide alternative routes in the case of artery obstruction.