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Common Iliac Artery

Last Updated: Jun 25, 2015

The common iliac artery is located just to the left side of the body of the fourth lumbar vertebra, where the abdominal aorta divides into two arteries. These again divide as they descend from the end of the aorta and each divides, between the last lumbar vertebra and the sacrum, into the external iliac artery, which supplies blood to much of the lower limbs, and the internal iliac artery, which suppliesmycontentbreak the viscera and the walls of the pelvis. Each common iliac artery divides into smaller branches to supply muscles and tissues in the ureter region and begins accessory to the renal arteries.