Are you or your loved ones being kept awake at night from snoring? With roughly 45% of adults occasionally snoring and 25% snoring regularly, it’s a widespread concern that can negatively impact your health and wellness, even beyond sleep deprivation.1 2 For those who don’t require specialized equipment, such as a CPAP machine for snoring caused by sleep apnea, a tongue stabilizing device (TSD) like Good Morning Snore Solution might seem like the answer.
The company claims its “simplified Tongue Stabilization (Retaining) strategy” is more effective, safe, and affordable than available alternatives. We thoroughly researched whether or not these statements hold up.
Good Morning Snore Solution is an FDA-cleared anti-snoring device that can provide an easy-to-use and effective remedy to those whose snoring isn’t a result of sleep apnea. People experience highly personalized or unpredictable responses to a device like this — some might encounter discomfort, excessive drooling, jaw irritation, or tooth displacement, while others only experience a more peaceful night’s sleep. These uncertain outcomes are why the company’s 30-day money-back return policy is so crucial. And despite being among the pricier options, GMSS’s discounts can make it more affordable than some of its competitors.
Over the past two decades, Innerbody Research has helped tens of millions of readers make informed decisions about their health and well-being.
We’ve pored over a dozen journal articles, studies, and authoritative sources on sleep apnea, snoring (including its effects on your health), tongue-stabilizing devices, and more for this review. We evaluate the products and services we review based on current health standards and medical research, continuously assessing our information to ensure it’s always up-to-date.
Additionally, as with all health-related content on this website, this review was thoroughly vetted by one or more members of our Medical Review Board to ensure accuracy.
We used four different criteria to judge the overall value of GMSS — safety, cost, effectiveness, and customer support.
Our top priority when evaluating this device is your safety, so we investigated any risks you might encounter and compared these to alternative paths to reduce snoring. The next criteria, cost and effectiveness, go hand-in-hand; for instance, a higher price is usually easier to justify if the product is particularly effective. Lastly, customer support can significantly impact your overall experience with a product or service. When you aren’t satisfied with your purchase or if you want to make sure something is a good fit before fully committing, things like flexible return and refund policies can make all the difference. Customer service is particularly important in this case because, unless you’ve tried similar devices before, it’s hard to predict how comfortably you’ll be able to use any type of anti-snoring device without trying it first.
Ultimately, research shows Good Morning Snore Solution is generally an easy-to-use, safe, and effective option to help people stop snoring. Of course, it’s not a one size fits all solution. Some may find the price excessive, especially compared to similar products, or they might ultimately find better success with a different and more widely available style of anti-snoring device (such as a mandibular advancement device (MAD)). Let’s examine the criteria further:
Good Morning Snore Solution is manufactured in an ISO 9001 and 13485 certified facility using dental-grade resin sourced in the United States. ISO 9001 is a general quality management standard, while ISO 13485 focuses on medical device regulatory compliance.3 4
GMSS is considered a “moderate risk” (Class II) medical device by the FDA. To receive FDA clearance for a Class II medical device, it must undergo strict safety testing before being determined as “substantially equivalent” to a predecessor device of the same nature. Companies seeking this clearance need to prove that their product is so similar to other previously approved devices on the market that it is, in effect, the same in safety and effectiveness when used as directed.5 6 16 GMSS received Class II FDA clearance in January 2020.
It’s important to note that while FDA clearance can further prove a product’s safety and effectiveness, it can cost a company roughly $5,000-$20,000 to seek this certification.17 Other less expensive devices with the same or similar designs and concepts could work just as well. If a device doesn’t have clearance, that doesn’t make it inherently unsafe or ineffective.
Material-wise, GMSS is made of BPA- and BHA-free dental-grade resin. Dental-grade (or composite) resin is what many dentists use to repair teeth or fill cavities and is generally considered safe. The most commonly seen material in GMSS’s less expensive competitors is medical-grade silicone. “Medical-grade” simply indicates that the material is biocompatible, free of toxins, and suitable for use in medical applications.18
Additionally, according to GMSS’s customer service, if you or your loved one has a silicone allergy, it’s best to stay away from their product. While silicone allergies are very rare, the lack of explicit information on the company’s potential usage of silicone in GMSS could be disappointing (or even dangerous) for people who have an allergy and are searching for an alternative to the cheaper silicone TSDs.23 24 They would likely not be aware that GMSS could also contain the allergen, as the company only states the product is made of “dental-grade resin.”
Below, we’ve compiled a chart detailing FDA clearance and material information on some direct GMSS competitors.
|FDA Clearance||Material(s)||Additional Notes|
|Good Morning Snore Solution||Dental-grade resin, free of BPA and BHA||FDA cleared in January 2020|
|ZYPPAH||Latex- and BPA-free plastic and rubber elastic||FDA cleared in January 2019|
|CustMbite||Vistamaxx™ material||FDA cleared in October 2022 after being recalled earlier the same year due to a lack of clearance|
|Third-party options (unbranded)||(Usually) Medical-grade silicone|
Special Offer: Take 20% Off with code INNERBODY20
Good Morning Snore Solution offers two different mouthpieces: a standard size and a “young or smaller adult” size. Both options cost the same at $99.94 USD, with multipacks of two at $149.94. Other store offerings for those in the U.S. include a carrying case, mouthpiece cleaner, saline nasal gel, and a mouthpiece cleaning bath with a strainer. If you’re an international customer, the store is limited to only mouthpieces and the carrying case.
Shipping costs are the same no matter where you’re buying from, $9.95 USD. There are no expedited (more expensive) shipping options available.
GMSS offers our Innerbody readers 20% off their order with the promo code INNERBODY20. Just apply the code at checkout. This discount may make the overall cost feel less excessive.
Since GMSS technically doesn’t treat any actual medical condition, your insurance coverage won’t apply. The company also doesn't accept HSA or FSA debit cards as a form of payment.
GMSS, ZYPPAH, and CustMbite are the only direct competitors with FDA clearance, which could explain why they’re the most expensive. The chart below details each product’s price and if the companies offer free shipping.
|Lowest product cost||Free shipping?|
|Good Morning Snore Solution||$99.94||No, $9.95|
|Aviva||$36.99||Free shipping in Canada for “most” orders over $100|
|ZYPPAH||$129.95||No, standard shipping for $9.95 or priority for $24.95|
|CustMbite||$89.99||Free shipping in the U.S.|
|Genkent||$8.59||Depends on seller|
|Third-party options (unbranded)||$10-$20||Depends on seller|
Reviews for GMSS vary across the internet. The product’s website boasts a 4.6 review score, consisting of over 1,000 5-star reviews and only two 1-star reviews. The official Amazon page for the product sits at 3.2 out of 5, from 92 ratings. And the company’s Facebook page has a 3.8-star rating from 181 reviews. Overall, these are pretty good ratings, and customer complaints mainly surround issues with drooling or difficulty adjusting to sleeping with the device at first.
On the research side, tongue-stabilizing or retaining devices have proven to be generally effective for snoring. However, several studies note they don’t quite improve outcomes as much as other, more widely-available solutions, like mandibular advancement devices or splints. This difference, however, could be due to TSD therapy having a relatively low treatment acceptance rate.7 8 9 10 The treatment works well, but study participants tend to discontinue the device in favor of other options due to discomfort.11
One study compared active suction TSDs (like GMSS) to non-suction devices. Results showed that over 50% of participants would continue to use only the tongue-stabilizing device with suction. This study, however, was conducted by Dr. Leslie Dort, the original developer of the Good Morning Snore Solution mouthpiece.12 Even though the study was peer-reviewed, the author most likely had some vested interest in the outcome.
Good Morning Snore Solution shines when it comes to its customer support policies. With a 30-day satisfaction guarantee and a no-risk return policy, the higher cost of the device feels much less intimidating. If you return your purchase from GMSS, they’ll provide you with a full purchase price refund. However, this policy excludes accessories and doesn’t include the cost of shipping and handling paid at checkout.
The company’s customer support is fairly quick, too. While the contact page states that it may take up to one business day to hear back, we heard from them within roughly two hours.
Regarding return and refund policies, only ZYPPAH beats the flexibility of GMSS by offering a 90-day satisfaction guarantee and a one-time free mouthpiece replacement. CustMbite comes close with a 30-day guarantee. Aviva products are final sale (no returns), and both Genkent and the unbranded options are sold via third parties, so returns and refunds may not be as widely available depending on seller policies.
Good Morning Snore Solution is a brand of tongue-stabilizing or retaining devices for adults. MPowrx, a health and wellness company in Alberta, Canada, owns the trademark.
The GMSS mouthpiece is a non-custom device, meaning it doesn’t require a fitting process beforehand (usually the boil-and-bite method). The flange, or wings, on the side of the device go between your lips and teeth, preventing choking if used as directed. GMSS’s suction-based design forms a vacuum to keep your tongue partially sticking out as you sleep, helping to unblock your upper airways and reduce snoring.
The GMSS device is made from dental-grade resin, a non-toxic and easy-to-clean material often used by dentists to repair teeth. While generally considered safe, the material has shown “biodegradation in the oral environment” or failure within the first five years of use.19 20 Of course, these results are from studies focusing on using dental-grade resin to fix teeth rather than as a TSD.
A majority of less expensive, competing TSDs use medical-grade silicone. Since the 1940s, silicone has had an excellent track record for safety and durability, with the material seeing effective use in a wide range of medical applications, from topical skin care for burns or wounds to joint implants and nerve conduits.21 22 As with dental-grade resin, there is a lack of studies on medical-grade silicone as the material of an anti-snoring device.
While there may be durability differences between the materials in other applications, there is no evidence to suggest that one is better than the other in this context.
Snoring occurs when airflow through your mouth or nose is restricted. The soft tissues in your nose, mouth, and throat vibrate when air is pushed through obstructed areas, creating snoring sounds. Those who are older, male, have overweight, or deal with nasal congestion are more likely to snore.1
While some people snore occasionally, regular or particularly loud snoring can indicate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder, causing chronic snoring and requiring specialized treatments such as continuous, bilevel, or auto-titrating positive airway pressure machines — CPAP, BPAP, and APAP, respectively.2 13
A tongue-stabilizing, or tongue-retaining, device (the terms are interchangeable) is an oral appliance used to hold the tongue in a forward position and “increase the unobstructed dimension of the nasal breathing passage during sleep.”15 It’s intended for use only by those whose snoring isn’t due to sleep apnea.
And while it is the most widespread variety of TSD, not all options use the same suction-based concept used by Good Morning Snore Solution. CustMbite, for instance, uses a two-piece mouthguard-style device with small, donut-shaped protrusions (tori) to keep the tongue forward.
Good Morning Snore Solution doesn’t require custom fitting before use, while some of its FDA-cleared competitors do. Depending on your personal preference, this is either a pro or a con. For some, not having to go through a potentially frustrating boil-and-bite process is highly appealing, but others might find a customization option brings fewer side effects or a more secure fit.
When you’re ready to sleep, place the device in your mouth with the wings (or flange) between your lips and front teeth; the bulb should remain outside the mouth. Continuously squeeze the bulb and suck the air out. Once the air is gone, push the tip of your tongue into the bulb and stop squeezing; this creates a vacuum to hold your tongue in place.
The device may feel strange at first, and even the makers of GMSS admit that it can take some time to get used to — up to four weeks of consistent use, to be exact (the same amount of time as the return policy). We wish GMSS offered an extended return policy due to their recommended trial period, something more along the lines of ZYPPAH’s 90-day policy.
A bit of mouth soreness is to be expected during the adjustment period, but if you experience sharp or severe pain, the company recommends contacting your doctor and discontinuing use immediately.
After use, all you need to do is soak the mouthpiece in a glass of certified cleaning solution. You can use the solution available on GMSS’s website (U.S. only) or any other similar one that’s safe for mouthguards, retainers, and the like. Avoid hot water or harsh cleaning products, as they can weaken the material and prevent proper suction.
Good Morning Snore Solution is designed for those with uncomplicated or primary snoring, meaning that it’s not for those with obstructive sleep apnea.
GMSS, unlike some other anti-snoring solutions, can be utilized by those who wear dentures or are missing teeth. And while people with orthodontic or anti-bruxism (teeth grinding) appliances can use it, the maker recommends consulting with a dentist or orthodontist beforehand.
If you’re unsure whether or not the Good Morning Snore Solution will benefit you, the company provides a video on its FAQ page on how to test if its product will work for you. The process involves trying to snore with your tongue out; if you can’t do it, the device may be a good fit for you.
The manufacturer warns against use by those with sleep apnea, respiratory disorders, loose teeth, unhealthy gums, periodontal disease, allergies to ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) or thermoplastic elastomers, or oral mucosal diseases that impact mucosal integrity (some autoimmune diseases can cause this, like Sjögren’s syndrome).
Children under 18 should not use Good Morning Snore Solution — the FDA only cleared its use in those 18 and older, so the product’s safety can’t be guaranteed if used outside of clearance guidelines.
When we contacted GMSS’s customer service with some questions, they stated that those with a silicone allergy should not use the product. While silicone isn’t listed anywhere as an ingredient in the product’s makeup or as an allergen in the FAQ, it may be a potential ingredient in their product's “proprietary” composition.
There is a multitude of anti-snoring products on the market, from nasal dilating strips to pillows, retainers, mandibular advancement devices, and even mouth tape. But, if a tongue stabilization device sounds like what you’re looking for and GMSS doesn’t quite cut it, one of its alternatives could be a winner. Before looking at specifics, here’s a quick look at some key details:
|Device cost||Money-back guarantee||Style of device|
|Good Morning Snore Solution||$99.94||30 days||Active suction|
|Aviva||$36.99||Final sale (no returns or refunds)||Active suction|
|ZYPPAH||$129.95||90 days||Retainer-style with tongue stabilization band|
|CustMbite||$89.99||30 days||Retainer-style with tori to hold the tongue in place|
|Genkent||$8.59||Depends on seller||Active suction|
|Third-party options (unbranded)||$10-20||Depends on seller||(Usually) Active suction|
While similar in appearance to GMSS, Aviva’s active suction tongue-stabilizing device has a much deeper bulb that covers more of the tongue. This additional depth could be preferable for those who experienced difficulty maintaining suction with Good Morning Snore Solution.
As with GMSS, Aviva’s TSD doesn’t require a fitting process and can be used by those with dentures or missing teeth, making it a more affordable alternative for people in those circumstances.
Aviva is made of medical-grade silicone, a generally safe material. There are currently no pertinent studies to suggest that GMSS’s resin is any more or less safe than the medical-grade silicone found in Aviva and many other cheaper TSD alternatives.
At $36.99, this product costs considerably less than GMSS, but it does lack the extra assurance of an FDA clearance, and the company doesn’t offer refunds or accept returns on “personal use” items.
An FDA-cleared anti-snoring device, ZYPPAH provides two variants of its product. Edge to Edge is ZYPPAH’s TSD concept, utilizing a tongue stabilization band, or strap, that prevents a relaxed tongue from “falling back into the throat.” The other variant, Hybrid, combines the tongue strap with mandibular advancement (pushing the jaw forward).
ZYPPAH’s options are made of latex-free, non-toxic, and BPA-free plastic; it’s one of the more unique materials for TSDs. This material could make ZYPPAH a good option for those with an allergy to latex. But, as with GMSS, ZYPPAH’s customer service recommends against using their product if you or your loved one is allergic to silicone, as that’s the material used for the tongue strap in both devices.
No matter your device-style preference, they both cost $129.95 plus shipping, making ZYPPAH the most expensive option we’ve covered. However, the company offers a 90-day guarantee (including no-questions-asked refunds) and a free one-time replacement, softening the initial price shock.
CustMbite’s Snoring System takes another unique approach to tongue stabilization. Instead of suction or straps, the device resembles a classic mouthguard. It includes a top and bottom retainer, but you only need to use one at a time. Each retainer has tori (donut-shaped protrusions) — the bottom has them inside along your lower teeth, and the top piece has them on the roof of your mouth. The bumps work the same for both pieces; they guide your tongue forward and down, open your airway, and achieve the same goal as active suction devices.
Since this Snoring System works more like a traditional mouthguard, you will need to mold it beforehand. The website notes that you can remold the guard to fit your bite no matter the changes, including those due to braces or losing teeth.
Material-wise, CustMbite, like GMSS, turns away from the often-used medical-grade silicone for their TSD. It instead utilizes Vistamaxx™, a semi-crystalline copolymer by ExxonMobil. This type of material is described as strong yet soft, flexible, and resistant to high temperatures.
In 2008, Vistamaxx™ received approval from the FDA as safe for use in “manufacturing, packing, packaging, transporting, or holding food.” The environmental assessment of Vistamaxx™ done during the approval process states that, upon use, “no significant quantities” of the material will be released into the air, water, or land. Of course, until research is done on the material’s potential effect on humans when used in an oral environment, there is no conclusive evidence for its safety in a TSD and whether or not the “minute levels of leaching” substances could affect your health.
The CustMbite Snoring System mouthguard costs $89.99, but the company offers a 30-day no-risk satisfaction guarantee. If the product doesn’t work for you, it’ll have cost nothing to try. This option could be a suitable alternative for those who find other TSDs uncomfortable or unappealing, as it provides an adjustable customized fit and comes with the same FDA clearance as GMSS at $10 cheaper.
While Genkent is a name brand, its TSD is no longer available on its website and can only be found through other sellers. The design of Genkent’s TSD and other unbranded alternatives found on third-party storefronts is more akin to Aviva’s than GMSS's, as they tend to have deeper bulbs.
Interestingly, unlike other active suction options, the Genkent instructions call for the TSD to be shaped through a boil-and-bite fitting. This process could provide a more comfortable fit with better suction for some users versus GMSS or other options without customization.
Tongue-stabilizing devices sold through third-party sellers are generally much cheaper than their name-brand counterparts, but this can come at the cost of not knowing if you’ll get the exact item shown in the listing or how safe a product really is. Sellers can say something is food-grade or medical-grade, but there’s no way to verify those claims. We recommend proceeding with caution if considering third-party sellers.
Innerbody uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Cleveland Clinic. (2021). Snoring. Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15580-snoring.
Johns Hopkins Medicine. (n.d.). Why Do People Snore? Answers for Better Health. The Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/why-do-people-snore-answers-for-better-health.
International Organization for Standardization. (n.d.). ISO 9001 and related standards: Quality management. ISO. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.iso.org/iso-9001-quality-management.html.
International Organization for Standardization. (n.d.). ISO 13485: Medical devices. ISO. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.iso.org/iso-13485-medical-devices.html
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (n.d.). Is It Really 'FDA Approved'?. FDA. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/it-really-fda-approved.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (n.d.). Premarket Notification 510(k) - What is Substantial Equivalence. FDA. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/premarket-submissions-selecting-and-preparing-correct-submission/premarket-notification-510k#se.
Alshhrani, W. M., Kohzuka, Y., Okuno, K., Hamoda, M. M., Fleetham, J. A., & Almeida, F. R. (2021). Compliance and side effects of tongue stabilizing device in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, 1–14. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08869634.2021.1917900?journalCode=ycra20.
Alshhrani, W. M., Hamoda, M. M., Okuno, K., Kohzuka, Y., Fleetham, J. A., Ayas, N. T., Comey, R., & Almeida, F. R. (2021). The efficacy of a titrated tongue-stabilizing device on obstructive sleep apnea: a quasi-experimental study. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 17(8), 1607–1618. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://jcsm.aasm.org/doi/10.5664/jcsm.9260.
Lazard, D. S., Blumen, M., Lévy, P., Chauvin, P., Fragny, D., Buchet, I., & Chabolle, F. (2009). The tongue-retaining device: efficacy and side effects in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 5(5), 431–438. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19961027/.
Deane, S. A., Cistulli, P. A., Ng, A. T., Zeng, B., Petocz, P., & Darendeliler, M. A. (2009). Comparison of mandibular advancement splint and tongue stabilizing device in obstructive sleep apnea: a randomized controlled trial. Sleep, 32(5), 648–653. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2675900/.
Scherr, S. C., Dort, L. C., Almeida, F. R., Bennett, K. M., Blumenstock, N. T., Demko, B. G., Essick, G. K., Katz, S. G., McLornan, P. M., Phillips, K. S., Prehn, R. S., Rogers, R. R., Schell, T. G., Sheats, R. D., & Sreshta, F. P. (2014). Definition of an effective oral appliance for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring: A report of the American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine. Journal of Dental Sleep Medicine. Special Article. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://aadsm.org/docs/consesusReport.pdf.
Dort, L., & Brant, R. (2008). A randomized, controlled, crossover study of a noncustomized tongue retaining device for sleep disordered breathing. Sleep & Breathing, 12(4), 369–373. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18461376/.
Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (n.d.). Obstructive sleep apnea - Symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/obstructive-sleep-apnea/symptoms-causes/syc-20352090.
Penn Medicine. (2019). Is Your Snoring Really Sleep Apnea? A Guide to Sleep Apnea and How It Can Impact Your Health. Penn Medicine. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.pennmedicine.org/updates/blogs/health-and-wellness/2019/december/is-your-snoring-really-sleep-apnea.
Cartwright, R. D., & Samelson, C. F. (1982). The effects of a nonsurgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. The tongue-retaining device. JAMA, 248(6), 705–709. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7097922/.
ScienceDirect. (n.d.). Substantial Equivalence - Topic. Elsevier B.V. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/substantial-equivalence.
U.S. Food & Drug Administration. (2022). Medical Device User Fee Amendments (MDUFA). FDA. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://www.fda.gov/industry/fda-user-fee-programs/medical-device-user-fee-amendments-mdufa.
Al-Dharrab, A. A., Tayel, S. B., & Abodaya, M. H. (2013). The effect of different storage conditions on the physical properties of pigmented medical grade I silicone maxillofacial material. ISRN Dentistry, 2013, 582051. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/isrn/2013/582051/.
Gupta, S. K., Saxena, P., Pant, V. A., & Pant, A. B. (2012). Release and toxicity of dental resin composite. Toxicology International, 19(3), 225–234. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3532765/.
Drummond J. L. (2008). Degradation, fatigue, and failure of resin dental composite materials. Journal of Dental Research, 87(8), 710–719. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2561305/.
Zare, M., Ghomi, E. R., Venkatraman, P. D., & Ramakrishna, S.. (2021). Silicone-based biomaterials for biomedical applications: Antimicrobial strategies and 3D printing technologies. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 138(38), 50969. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/app.50969.
Luria, L.W. (2002). The role of medical grade silicones in surgery and its topical applications. Operative Techniques in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 9(2), 67-74. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1071094903900126.
Rubio, A., Ponvert, C., Goulet, O., Scheinmann, P., & De Blic, J. (2009). Allergic and nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions to silicone: a report of one case. Allergy, 64(10), 1555–1556. Retrieved March 11, 2023, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26688055_Allergic_and_nonallergic_hypersensitivity_reactions_to_silicone_A_report_of_one_case.
Rath, S. & Kaplish, N. (2022). Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Silicone causing PAP Intolerance (P1-1.Virtual). Neurology, 98(18). Retrieved March 11, 2023, from https://n.neurology.org/content/98/18_Supplement/3672.