Lymph Node

Lymph nodes generally occur in groups along the larger lymphatic vessels. They are distributed throughout the body, but unlike other systems they lack the tissues of the central nervous system. The primary function of all lymph nodes is the production of lymphocytes, which help defend the body against microorganisms and against harmful foreign particles and debris from lymph before it is returned to the blood stream. The major clusters of lymph nodes are in six areas. Those areas are: (1)...

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    Full Lymph Node Description

    [Continued from above] . . . The cervical region: nodes in this area are grouped along the lower border of the jaw, in front of and behind the ears, and deep in the neck along the larger blood vessels. They drain the skin of the scalp, face, tissues of the nasal cavity, and the pharynx. (2) The axillary region: these nodes can be found under the arms, near the surface of the skin and deeper into the tissue of the chest. They receive lymph from vessels that drain the arm, the walls of the thorax, the breast, and the upper walls of the abdomen. (3) The inguinal region: the nodes in this area receive lymph from the legs, the outer portion of the genitalia and the lower abdominal wall. (4) The pelvic cavity: the nodes here appear mostly along the paths of the blood vessels within the pelvic cavity and receive lymph from the lymphatic vessels in the area. (5) The abdominal cavity: within this area, nodes occur in chains along the main branches of the arteries of the intestine and the abdominal aorta. Finally, (6) the thoracic cavity: these nodes occur between the lungs and along the windpipe and bronchi, and receive lymph from this area and from the internal wall of the thorax.