The humerus is the bone of the upper arm. The smooth, dome-shaped head of the bone lies at an angle to the shaft and fits into a shallow socket of the scapula (shoulder blade) to form the shoulder joint. Below the head, the bone narrows to form a cylindrical shaft. It flattens and widens at the lower end and, at its base, it joins with the bones of the lower arm (the ulna and radius) to make up the elbow.


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