The mandible (lower jawbone) consists of a horizontal horseshoe-like body with a flat ramus projecting upward at each end. The rami are divided into two processes: the mandibular condyle and a front coronoid process. The mandibular condyles unite with the mandibular tissues of the temporal bones, while the coronoid processes serve as attachments for muscles used in chewing. Other large chewing muscles are attached on the side surfaces of the rami.


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