Internal Iliac Artery

The internal iliac artery divides into many smaller branches to supply the various pelvic muscles and tissue structures, as well as the gluteal muscles (buttocks) and the external genitalia. Some of the important branches of this vessel include: (1) iliolumbar artery to the ilium (hipbone) and muscles of the back; (2) superior and inferior gluteal arteries to the muscles of the buttocks, pelvic muscles, and the skin of the buttocks; (3) internal pudendal artery to the alimentary canal,...

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    Full Internal Iliac Artery Description

    [Continued from above] . . . external genitalia, and hip joint; (4) the superior and inferior vesical arteries to the urinary bladder and, in males, the prostate gland; (5) middle rectal artery to the rectum; and (6) uterine artery to the uterus and vagina in females.