Male Fertility Test

Last Updated: Sep 12, 2018

Why Buy a Male Fertility Test?

For couples having trouble getting pregnant, it is equally important for both men and women to consider their fertility status because men are responsible for half of all fertility issues. Testing your semen may make you feel anxious and uncomfortable (to say the least), but remember that whatever your results are, they don’t have to stay that way. There are lifestyle changes you can make that will affect your sperm count and improve your potential to conceive. But first, you need to take a fertility test.

If you get tested first, your results may influence whether or not your partner needs to have testing done, and therefore save her time and money.

Another reason you may want to consider being tested is that, along with your results, many companies include information to help you better understand what aspects of your lifestyle affect your fertility. So if you’d like to make improvements, some at-home tests provide that information.

Testing Has Never Been Easier

What if you’re interested in getting tested, but the thought of walking into a doctor’s office and providing a sperm sample prevents you from even getting off the couch? Don’t worry. You’re not alone. The process can be intimidating, as well as embarrassing, which is one reason why at-home fertility tests have become so popular. Home tests offer privacy and comfort that are hard to replicate in a medical facility. Getting your results is also faster with home tests–you’ll see your levels within minutes.

What Companies Offer a Male Fertility Test?

At-home male fertility tests range in price from $40-200. They can be purchased on the test company’s website as well as on Amazon and other home health test sites, such as Health Test Express. You can even purchase one of the tests at your local drug store. Some of the reputable companies that sell male fertility testing kits include:

  • Trak
  • YO Test
  • Sperm Check Fertility

What the Results Will Indicate

Although results differ according to testing company, at the minimum, all tests will indicate if your sperm count is low or normal.

If you take the SpermCheck Fertility test, your results will look a lot like an at-home pregnancy test:

  • Two lines on the test mean positive
  • One line means negative

If your result is positive, it means your sperm count is at least 20 million per milliliter, which is considered a normal fertility level in men. However, a positive result doesn’t necessarily mean you are fertile. There could be other issues that may prevent you from helping to conceive a child, but the positive result does indicate that any issues are not related to sperm count. If your test has only one line, it means that your sperm count is lower than 20 million per milliliter. This could be a cause of conception issues. However, since sperm count can fluctuate and even improve with changes to your lifestyle, you may want to consider retaking the test at a later time.

If you’re using the Trak Fertility Testing System, your results will indicate if your sperm count is low, moderate, or optimal for conceiving a baby (according to the World Health Organization guidelines). In addition to your sperm count number, the system uses your results and information about your lifestyle and health habits and creates suggestions for improving your fertility. It will also record your results over time, if you choose to retest additional times to see if there is a change.

While knowing your sperm count levels is very important, there are other reasons for male infertility. One of those additional reasons is sperm motility (proper movement). This is why YO tests motile sperm concentration (MSC). Since sperm have to move to reach the egg, the YO test looks at sperm motility in addition to sperm count. The YO Test checks to see if your sperm have a shot at reaching an egg. With this test, you’ll get a report saying your MSC range is low (less than 6 million sperm per milliliter) or moderate (greater than or equal to 6 million sperm per milliliter). You’ll also receive a live video of your sperm.

The results from these home tests aren’t meant to diagnose or treat infertility. They’re meant to be used for personal information and education. Consider discussing your results with your physician to learn what the next step may be. If you have low or negative test results, talk with your doctor about how to move forward. If you still have difficulty getting pregnant, even after your results show normal or optimal sperm count and/or motility levels, it’s recommended that you see a physician to get a full evaluation of your fertility.

How Do I Take the Test?


Order the test.

All of the at-home tests can be purchased online. If you purchase the kit online, it will arrive at your house in a discreetly wrapped package to maintain your privacy. Please note that if you’re purchasing a kit that relies on your phone (like YO, for example), make sure that your phone model will work with the kit.


Follow the instructions to collect a sperm sample in the included cup.

Do not use a condom, lubricant, creams, or partners when collecting the sample.


Prep the sample.

Depending on the test, what you do with the sample differs. For Trak, it’s recommended that you wait 30 minutes and then swirl the sample for 15 seconds.

YO instructs you to pour a vial of the liquefaction powder included in the kit into your sperm sample and stir for 10-15 seconds. This may turn the sample a pinkish color. Let it rest for 10 minutes.

Sperm Check has you wait for 20 minutes after producing the sample, then stir the sample until it liquifies and transfer a designated amount into a separate solution. You’ll need to tilt it back and forth 10 times–do not shake as it may cause air bubbles–then let it sit for 2 minutes.


Place the sample onto the test.

Again, depending on the type of test you purchase, tests will ask you to place the sample onto a testing plate, prop or slide.


Receive your results.

If you’re using a prop, as with Trak for example, you’ll need to load the track engine, close the lid, and let it spin before the results show up as white at the bottom of the prop.

If you’re using a slide such as with YO, you’ll start the testing process on your phone and see the results and the video within about 2 minutes.

If you’re using a testing plate like a pregnancy test, such as with Sperm Check, wait about 7 minutes for the lines to appear.

How Reliable Are the Results?

Although these tests aren’t sent to a lab, all three of the test companies above—Trak, Sperm Check and YO—are FDA-cleared and have been extensively tested. Testing companies boast accuracy rates of over 97%. According to customer reviews, the step-by-step instructions are easy to follow, the results appear quickly, and privacy is maintained. However, reviews for test kits similar to pregnancy tests are less consistent than other fertility tests.

No matter what company you choose, remember that results aren’t meant to replace a full clinical sperm test since they only test one or two factors of male fertility. Other possible aspects—such as foreign debris, shape, and the existence of white or red blood cells—aren’t tested in at-home kits and may play a role in fertility.

More Home Health Tests

Learn about other at-home health test kits: