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Gerontology Careers

Last Updated: Dec 24, 2018

What Does a Gerontologist Do?

gerontologist with patient

As the US population ages, the demand for healthcare tailored to the elderly increases concomitantly. Healthcare practitioners specializing in gerontology, the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to the elderly, are the providers who fill that need. Gerontologists help elderly people lead active lives, remain in their homes and receive healthcare that is attuned to their unique requirements.

While the healthcare system has long treated older people similarly to other adults, research shows that their needs are actually quite distinct. Gerontologists receive advanced clinical training in geriatrics, a field that includes study of the social, psychological and biological aspects of aging. Specialization or certification in gerontology is possible in many disciplines, including internal and family medicine, nursing, social work, pharmacy, physical and occupational therapy, nutrition and dentistry.

Gerontologists often care for the same patients over many years, helping them to maintain functioning, contribute to their communities and enjoy the people and activities they love. Because team-based care of the elderly is a growing trend, these professionals also establish close, collegial relationships with healthcare providers from across all disciplines. This gives them the added satisfaction of solving complex problems with collaborative solutions that best serve their patients.

Workplace Details

Gerontologists work in hospitals, long-term care facilities, clinical practices, counseling centers, hospice services, home health services, research universities and community and government agencies. Some also manage or serve as consultants to healthcare facilities or private companies geared to the needs of older people. They often travel to treat patients at home, assess living conditions and meet with caregivers and family members.

Salary and Job Outlook

The earnings of gerontologists vary widely, depending on discipline, experience level and geographic location. Medical scientists who specialize in research would make a median of $80,530, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The BLS states that a social worker specializing in aging could make a median salary of $53,760. Meanwhile, an internal medicine doctor focusing on geriatrics could earn a median salary of $238,227 according to the BLS.

World War II was followed by a huge uptick in birth rates, giving rise to the Baby Boomer generation, born between 1946 and 1964. As this generation begins to retire, there will be rapid growth of the US elderly population through at least 2029. Baby Boomers are expected to enjoy relatively long lifespans compared with their predecessors, and some of them are expected to live into the 2050s. Taken together, these facts suggest excellent job prospects for gerontologists that should extend into the foreseeable future. Internal medicine doctors in general can expect a 9% job growth rate until 2024, which is slightly faster than the average. Medical research scientists are expecting an average job growth of 8% during this same 2014-2024 period. And aspiring healthcare social workers can look forward to a staggering growth of 19%, according to the BLS.

Steps to Begin a Gerontology Career


Obtain the necessary education, depending on your career path.

Over 500 universities, colleges and career institutes offer formal training in the science of aging. The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE), a part of The Gerontological Society of America, notes that the field can be studied at many levels.

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Many community colleges offer two-year associate’s degrees in gerontology leading to entry-level jobs in the field. Students at four-year colleges can opt to pursue a bachelor’s degree in gerontology or prepare for a career in a related field such as social work, nursing or medicine. A master’s, professional degree or doctorate is essential for people who wish to practice in certain fields such as medicine and pharmacy, conduct research or teach at the university level.

Most programs include extensive clinical training.


Earn the necessary credentials – again, based on your career.

Gerontologists are subject to the licensing and certification rules governing their primary profession. In some disciplines (medicine, for example), candidates must obtain board certification or meet education and experience requirements before practicing as gerontologists.


Complete a fellowship if you will be practicing medicine.

Family and internal medicine physicians who wish to specialize in geriatrics must complete a 1-2-year fellowship in the field. Other disciplines also offer advanced training and research opportunities, such as the Hartford Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Fellowships for geriatric nurses.


Explore opportunities for your career to evolve.

Experienced gerontologists may be promoted to supervise the work of others as managers or administrators of healthcare facilities. Those who demonstrate academic success by publishing papers and winning research grants may be appointed to head academic departments. Many practicing gerontologists are also active in professional groups and task forces that advocate for the field on a national level.

Keys to Success in a Gerontology Career

Necessary Skills and Qualities

Enjoyment in caring for the elderly

First and foremost, gerontologists must have genuine interest and empathy for older people.


Excellent verbal and listening skills coupled with a good dose of patience help these professionals communicate effectively with patients who have difficulty in hearing, speaking or understanding.


Because gerontology is a multidisciplinary field, candidates should like the idea of working closely with other professionals to solve problems and manage care.

Analytical mind

Intellectual curiosity and an aptitude for statistics are assets when conducting research.