Chlamydia Home Test Kit

By: Lauren Browning
Last Updated: August 20, 2018

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world. It’s also one of the most frequently reported STDs in America. It is transmitted through sexual activity (which may include contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus) with someone who is infected. Chlamydia is often asymptomatic, so many people with the infection don’t know about it and therefore do not seek treatment.

Although there often aren’t any symptoms of chlamydia, below are some symptoms you can look out for.

Symptoms in Women

  • Discharge that appears abnormal from the vagina
  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Urinating frequently
  • Periods that are more painful than usual
  • Bleeding in between periods or after sex
  • Pelvic or lower abdominal pain
  • Itching or burning of the vagina
  • Rectal itching, pain, discharge or bleeding

Symptoms in Men

  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Pain or swelling of the testicles
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Itching around the urethra
  • Rectal itching, pain, discharge or bleeding

Why Buy a Chlamydia Home Test?

Although chlamydia can be cured, if the infection is left untreated, it can cause life-long complications. Some of these include infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, and chronic pelvic pain in women and epididymitis (which can lead to infertility) in men. If chlamydia is left untreated in pregnant women, it can cause pre-term delivery, and/or cause the newborn to have ophthalmia neonatorum (conjunctivitis) and pneumonia.

The following people should consider getting tested for chlamydia:

  • Anyone who is sexually active, especially those younger than 24
  • Adults with more than one partner in the past year
  • Sexually active men who have sex with men
  • Pregnant women

If you’re sexually active, the CDC recommends testing for STDs as often as every 3-12 months. By testing regularly, you help prevent STDs like chlamydia from spreading to your partner and others. Detecting an infection early will also lower your chances of it doing too much long-term damage to your health.

Taking a home chlamydia test can be convenient because you don’t have to take the time to schedule a doctor’s appointment or wait in the doctor’s office or lab. The billing, shipping, and testing with home kits are discreet, so you can avoid those awkward discussions with medical staff or uncomfortable stares from other patients in the waiting rooms. You’ll also receive your results quickly with home test kits.

What Companies Offer a Chlamydia Home Test Kit?

Prices for home chlamydia tests range from $29-$99. However, they may run even higher if you purchase a test that checks for several STDs in addition to chlamydia. Some testing companies do not offer individual chlamydia tests, but instead offer general STD testing kits that check for several STDs, one of which is chlamydia. Prices also vary depending on whether the test has immediate results or is sent to a certified lab to review results.

Here are the companies who offer chlamydia home test kits:

  • STD Rapid Test Kit
  • Private iDNA
  • myLAB Box
  • EverlyWell
  • LetsGetChecked

How Do I Take a Chlamydia Home Test?

1

Order the kit online.

After you purchase your kit online, it will usually arrive in discreet packaging within 2-7 business days. For some kits, before you move onto the next step, you’ll need to fill in the details on the lab sticker and activate your kit online.

2

Collect your sample.

This process will vary depending on the test kit you purchase, so make sure you follow the instructions carefully. Read them before collecting a sample. If the company offers an instructional video online, watch this as well. Most require either a urine or swab sample. Most kits recommend waiting 3 weeks after you may have been exposed to chlamydia before you collect your sample. Since most STIs have an incubation period before they can be detected on a test, this will ensure accuracy of your results.

To collect a urine sample, wash your hands in warm soapy water. Use the urine sample box. It will have plastic lining inside to collect urine. Pass the first part of your urine in the collection box until it is half full. Finish passing the rest into the toilet. Fill the urine sample tube from the urine in the collection box. Fill it until it reaches the marked lines on the side of the tube. Tightly secure the lid of the urine tube. Throw the rest of the urine and the collection box away. Place your sample in the biohazard bag that is included in your kit and put it in the testing kit. Put the kit in the supplied pre-paid envelope and ship.

To collect a swab sample, the process may vary by testing kit. Obtain a cotton swab sample from the vagina or urethra and then place it in the included biohazard bag before putting it in the prepaid envelope.

If you’re using a test kit that offers immediate results, you can use the following steps to collect a cotton swab sample. Remove the top from the mixing tube and open the top of Buffer A. Take 8-9 drops from Buffer A with the dropper. Insert those 8-9 drops into the mixing bowl. Male patients insert the cotton swab into the urethra of the penis and let it stay there for 30 seconds. Carefully twitch the swab just to dislodge the epithelial cells inside the urethra wall. Remove the swab. For women patients, insert the cotton swab into the vagina and use it to dislodge the epithelial cells inside the vaginal tract. Remove the swab. Be very careful when removing the swab that you do not let it touch any external surfaces. Doing so would contaminate the specimen. Place the specimen into the mixing bowl of the extraction tube and mix it with Buffer A liquid by swirling it around for a bit. Then use the dropper to withdraw 9 drops from Buffer B. Add those drops into the sample in the mixing bowl. Let all of the liquids mix before removing the swab. When doing so, squeeze it along the wall of the extraction tube so as much liquid as possible falls into the tube. Put the cap on the tube and shake it for a while. Then, use the dropper to take 4 drops out and insert those drops into the sample bowl of the test cassette. Now you can wait 10 minutes for your result.

3

Get your test results.

After you ship your sample, you should receive results within 5 days. Depending on the kit you purchase, this may include a consultation with a physician or medical professional to discuss your results. While the majority of kits require the sample to be sent to a certified lab, you may also purchase a kit that gives immediate results. In this case, you’ll wait about 10 minutes to see if there is one line or two lines on the test cassette. One line is the C, or Control, line. It means the test is working when this line shows up. If the second Test, or T, line appears, it means you’ve tested positive for chlamydia.

What Will the Results Indicate?

After taking a home test, you’ll learn whether or not you have chlamydia. Depending on the kit you use, your test results will be generated into a report that’s easy to read and will be sent privately through a secure, online portal. You can then share the report with your physician if you choose. Some testing companies include a consultation with a member from their medical team to review your results and if necessary, put you in touch with a doctor who can prescribe medication or treatment. A handful of companies allow you to retest if you have a positive result to ensure the result is accurate.

If you receive a negative result on your home test, it doesn’t necessarily mean you are free of infection; if you tested in the early days after exposure, it’s possible the test won’t be accurate yet. Be sure to continue ongoing STD testing to monitor your sexual health.

If your results are positive, try not to get too upset. First of all, at least you are now aware of the infection and can get help. It’s highly recommended that you speak with a doctor so you can seek immediate treatment. In an effort to not spread the infection, abstain from sexual activity with your partner(s) until you talk with your physician.

How Reliable Are the Results?

They test results are reliable with a couple of caveats:

  • You might have a false negative, as described above, due to the fact that there is an incubation period for chlamydia after exposure.
  • Occasionally, testing results can be indeterminate, which means that at the moment, a clear answer isn’t available.

Most testing companies boast around 99% accuracy. Some companies state that their kits are FDA-approved and their testing is done in labs that are CLIA-certified, CAP-accredited and HIPAA-compliant. Others say that while their test isn’t FDA-approved, parts of their test are FDA-cleared. Regardless, the reported results are very accurate.

Tests sent to labs often have certified medical professionals review the results before they are sent to you. Most companies also claim that your sample is processed in the same labs used by clinics, physicians, and other health care providers.

A few companies offer money-back guarantees if you’re not satisfied with your home test experience. Others also offer a free retest for any positive result.

All companies advise patients to review any positive results with a medical professional so that they can get care and treatment as quickly as possible.

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