Full C5 (5th Cervical Vertebra) Description
[Continued from above] . . . Two transverse foramina pass through the bone's vertebral arch to allow for the passage of the sympathetic nerves, vertebral vein, and vertebral artery away from the spinal cord and out to the body. Anterior to the vertebral arch, the vertebral body or centrum is concave on top and convex below where it meets with the respective articular joints of the C4 vertebra above it and C6 below to allow for the movement of the neck. Intervertebral discs between the centrums of each bone (as well as between the respective superior articular facet and inferior articular facet of each spinal bone) protect and support the spinal column while enabling smooth movement of the backbone.